It seemed to me project based learning and problem based learning were one-in-the-same. Most of the reading seem to be stating the same features of both types of learning: designing or creating some type of tangible product, solving a real world problem, or researching a topic in order to answer a questions. We use case studies in nursing to teach using real situations so I wanted to get my facts straight what the true difference is between problem and project based learning.
Problem-based learning falls under the umbrella of project-based learning but its intent of course is to solve a problem. The main difference, I now understand, is problem-based learning typically follows a prescribed set of steps and project-based learning is less formal in the steps used to achieve the project goal.
The steps are:
- Presentation of an “ill-structured” (open-ended, “messy”) problem
- Problem definition or formulation (the problem statement)
- Generation of a “knowledge inventory” (a list of “what we know about the problem” and “what we need to know”)
- Generation of possible solutions
- Formulation of learning issues for self-directed and coached learning
- Sharing of findings and solutions
Good to be clear on the difference.